Options for resolving the Arab-Israeli Conflict

The first option for resolving the Arab-Israeli conflict is the One State scenario. This would create “Israelestine,” a democratic and secular Israeli-Palestinian nation. This nation would encompass all of Israel and Palestine. Equal rights would be granted to all religious sects. This option would destroy Zionism by granting full citizenship rights to the Palestinians. Israel would have to sacrifice its “Jewish homeland.


A second option would be a two-state solution. This would create an independent state of Palestine alongside an independent state of Israel. The Palestinians would have sovereignty over the Temple Mount/Haram and the Israelis would have sovereignty over the Western Wall and sacred Jewish spaces. Jerusalem would be a shared capital for both states. Border negotiations would begin with the 1967 borders followed by mutually agreed territorial swaps for security purposes.


A third choice is the Sinai option. This would consist of Egypt expanding the Gaza strip and settling Palestinian refugees in a state established in that region. The Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah el-Sisi offered 620 square miles of land in exchange for relinquishing claims to 1967 borders. The Palestinian president has rejected this proposal.


A fourth choice is the three-state solution (The Egpytian-Jordanian solution). This option would give control of the Gaza Strip to Egypt and portions of the West Bank to Jordan. This has been described as the most pragmatic solution to the Arab-Israeli conflict. It would also require the development of Jordan as the Palestinian State. Jordan would be recognized as the only legitimate representative of the Palestinians. The three-state solution is the most doable of the four options. The geographic juxtaposition between Jordan and Israel makes delineating the border easier than reaching an Israeli-Palestinian deal.


A fifth choice is the No-Palestine-State solution. In this option, Israel would be declared a Jewish nation with sovereignty over all of biblical Israel. The state would take steps toward increasing the Jewish majority. This includes population transfers and removal of individuals and groups who are not loyal to the Jewish state. The Palestinians would be relocated to Jordan or other Arab nations.


A sixth option is the No-Israel-State solution. This option would result in a single Palestinian state. Palestinians would have the “right of return” to their homes in Palestine and refugees who choose not to return would receive compensation. The Jewish Israelis would relocate and establish a new homeland.






2 thoughts on “Options for resolving the Arab-Israeli Conflict

  1. You argue the three-state solution is most achievable. But doesn’t Palestinian nationalism preclude it? Jordan’s monarchy and East Bank population have little interest in becoming Palestine, and Palestinians won’t easily settle for becoming Jordanian and giving up their distinctive identity. There might have been a phase of the conflict when that seemed more viable. But I think path dependence – the results today of past events and decisions – has left us with a vigorous and distinctive Palestinian identity that would be a barrier to your proposed solution. The only actor with an incentive to push in that direction would be Israel, and even then only part of Israeli opinion would accept ceding the West Bank to Jordanian sovereign control.


  2. You mention that the three-state solution is the most pragmatic method of resolving the conflict. Do you think that Palestinians would prefer to live under divided foreign, Arab control than under Israeli occupation and influence? In what ways would life be different for Palestinians since they would still not rule themselves? I don’t think that a three-state solution would solve the present issues of identity, since we’ve discussed that Palestinian nationalism is distinct from Arab nationalism.


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